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Forms of Macular Degeneration

There are two forms of macular degeneration, dry (non-neovascular) or wet (neovascular). The term neovascular refers to the growth of new blood vessels.

Dry AMD (non-neovascular)

Dry AMD is the most common form of the disease, making up about 85%-90% of all cases of AMD. It is characterized by blurred central vision or blind spots, as the macula begins to deteriorate. Dry AMD is an early stage of the disease and is less severe than the wet form,.

Dry AMD occurs when the aging tissues of the macula begin to thin out and break down. Tiny pieces of white or yellowish protein called drusen begin to appear, which are thought to be deposits from the macular tissue as it deteriorates. The appearance of these drusen are often what leads to a diagnosis of AMD during an eye exam.

With dry AMD vision loss happens gradually, however, the dry form can progress to wet AMD rapidly. There is currently no cure for dry AMD, however there is research that shows that some people can benefit from supplemental vitamin therapy including antioxidants, lutein and zeaxanthin.

Wet AMD (neovascular)

Wet AMD is less common occurring in only about 10 percent of those with AMD. AMD is classified as Wet AMD when abnormal blood vessels begin to grow under the retina and leak fluid and blood into the macula, resulting in blind spots and a loss of central vision. Wet AMD can cause more damage to vision and permanent scarring if not treated quickly, so any sudden blur in vision should be assessed immediately, especially if one is aware that they have AMD. Usually vision loss happens faster and is more noticeable than in dry AMD so the quicker it is treated, the more vision you can preserve.

Hello Patients,

Thank you for your patience and understanding in this incredibly challenging situation. Starting 3/18, we are going to be open from ~9-5 for ordering contact lenses as well as dispensing glasses and contact lens orders we have received. No patients will be coming in to the office tomorrow, and our doors will remain locked during business hours. If you are having an ocular emergency, please contact the office at 925-283-8502 and we will be happy to assist you.

We are going to be doing "zero interaction" contact lens and glasses dispensing. If you have been notified that your eyewear or contacts are ready, please call the office for instructions on picking them up. Since we are closed to the public, we are dispensing contacts and glasses by appointment only. We are doing this to maintain social distancing and keep you safe!

Finally, on a personal note, if you need contact lenses or have flex spending you need to utilize, please think of our office first. We can directly ship items to you, no need to leave your house. We truly appreciate your support.

Best regards,

Nathan Orr, O.D.

Hello Patients,

Thank you for your patience and understanding in this incredibly challenging situation. Starting 3/18, we are going to be open from ~9-5 for ordering contact lenses as well as dispensing glasses and contact lens orders we have received. No patients will be coming in to the office tomorrow, and our doors will remain locked during business hours. If you are having an ocular emergency, please contact the office at 925-283-8502 and we will be happy to assist you.

We are going to be doing “zero interaction” contact lens and glasses dispensing. If you have been notified that your eyewear or contacts are ready, please call the office for instructions on picking them up. Since we are closed to the public, we are dispensing contacts and glasses by appointment only. We are doing this to maintain social distancing and keep you safe!

Finally, on a personal note, if you need contact lenses or have flex spending you need to utilize, please think of our office first. We can directly ship items to you, no need to leave your house. We truly appreciate your support.

Best regards,

Nathan Orr, O.D.